Helga Weissova (b. 1929), Transport Leaving Terezin, 1943
Artwork title in Czech: Odchazejici Transport. Colored pencil on paper, signed “hw” and dated on bottom right.
In this deportation scene, a helmeted Czech gendarme escorts the people who are being deported. Jewish police officers detain those who must remain in Terezin—they may accompany their family and friends no further. (There is no record of a transport on the day this drawing was made.)
“Draw what you see.” —Helga’s father Otto Weiss
Helga Weissova (b. 1929) created more than 100 drawings in her nearly three years in Terezin—from when she was 12 years old to when she was 14. The young artist drew everyday scenes as well as exceptional events, giving us a window onto what she witnessed. She also kept a diary.
When Helga was deported from Terezin in 1944, her drawings—left with her uncle Josef Polak—remained hidden in a barracks wall. Helga and her mother Irena endured desperate, hellish conditions at Auschwitz—and then at Freiburg—and then at Mauthausen. In the face of death, they were finally liberated by the U.S. Army on May 5, 1945.
Helga had last seen her father when they were in Terezin. She would never see him again.
After her return to her native Prague on May 21, 1945, Helga recorded in her diary what had happened to her in Auschwitz,