Artwork: Child’s Drawing of Transport to Auschwitz

Transport to Auschwitz Weissova

Helga Weissova (b. 1929), Transport Leaving Terezin, 1943

Artwork title in Czech: Odchazejici Transport. Watercolor and ink on paper, signed “hw” on the bottom left.

People walk past the Hamburg barracks to the train that will deliver them to Auschwitz. Others witness their deportation—and say goodbye.

“Draw what you see.” —Helga’s father Otto Weiss

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Helga Weissova (b. 1929) created more than 100 drawings in her nearly three years in Terezin—from when she was 12 years old to when she was 14. The young artist drew everyday scenes as well as exceptional events, giving us a window onto what she witnessed. She also kept a diary.

When Helga was deported from Terezin in 1944, her drawings—left with her uncle Josef Polak—remained hidden in a barracks wall. Helga and her mother Irena endured desperate, hellish conditions at Auschwitz—and then at Freiburg—and then at Mauthausen. In the face of death, they were finally liberated by the U.S. Army on May 5, 1945.

Helga had last seen her father when they were in Terezin. She would never see him again.

After her return to her native Prague on May 21, 1945, Helga recorded in her diary what had happened to her in Auschwitz, Freiburg, and Mauthausen. She reclaimed her drawings, which now stand as evidence of her experiences—and the early work of an award-winning artist.